Shavuot | The Giving of the Torah and Celebration of Instruction

Shavuot is a time to celebrate the giving of the Torah. It is a time to celebrate God’s instruction. Shavuot marks the end of the 50 days from Passover.

What is the Giving of the Torah?

The giving of the Torah commemorates the moment after Israel received the instruction on how to live a life of freedom in a relationship with their Holy God and Heavenly Father. Many in the Church today are learning to appreciate the love and mercies that are written within the instructions of God. 

God’s giving of the Torah is a release of His love, protection, provision, and empowerment for His people. His vision was for Israel to become a nation committed to serving Him.

Where is the Giving of the Torah in the Bible?

The term Shavuot (Hebrew word meaning “weeks”) is the Feast of Weeks, described in Exodus 34:22 (one of the three yearly “feasts of the Lord” seen in Leviticus 23). The giving of the Torah came at Shavuot, and is described in Exodus 19:1-19…

“In the third month after the children of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on the same day, they came to the Wilderness of Sinai. For they had departed from Rephidim, had come to the Wilderness of Sinai, and camped in the wilderness. So Israel camped there before the mountain.

“And Moses went up to God, and the Lord called to him from the mountain, saying, ‘Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel: “You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings and brought you to Myself. Now therefore, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to Me above all people; for all the earth is Mine. And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.” These are the words which you shall speak to the children of Israel.’

“So Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before them all these words which the Lord commanded him. Then all the people answered together and said, ‘All that the Lord has spoken we will do.’ So Moses brought back the words of the people to the Lord. And the Lord said to Moses, ‘Behold, I come to you in the thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with you, and believe you forever.’ So Moses told the words of the people to the Lord.”

The Giving of the Torah and the Keeping of the Law

Some have argued that celebrating the giving of the Torah on Shavuot is legalistic or no longer necessary, but this could not be further from the truth. Remember that the nation of Israel received its freedom BEFORE the giving of the Torah. 

They didn’t have to keep the law to receive their freedom. 

Keeping the law was designed to be a response to God’s grace and deliverance. So then, when we celebrate Shavuot, we are celebrating the freedom we have in Christ and the new life He died to give us. 

Open Bible on a wooden table in a dark room.

The Giving of the Torah and the Giving of the Holy Spirit

The Holy Spirit came on Shavuot—the “Day of Pentecost.” The term Pentecost comes from the Greek word pentekoste, meaning “fiftieth,” referring to the fiftieth day following Passover. As you can see, Shavuot (Hebrew) and Pentecost (Greek) are on the same days. 

Fifty days after the first Passover, was the giving of the Torah—God’s instruction or the Law. This was released at Mount Sinai.

“You came down also on Mount Sinai, and spoke with them from heaven, and gave them just ordinances and true laws, good statutes and commandments.”

—Nehemiah 9:13 (emphasis added)

Fifty days after Jesus’ death at Passover, was the giving of the Holy Spirit. This was a release of God’s supernatural power that would equip Believers to accomplish His will. The Holy Spirit wrote the Law on our hearts, empowering us and giving us new life in Christ. This was done in Jerusalem, where the Holy Mountain of Zion is located. 

“And being assembled together with them, He commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father…”

—Acts 1:4 (emphasis added)

“When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place… Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance… 

[And Peter said] “… this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel:

‘And it shall come to pass in the last days, says God, that I will pour out of My Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy…’”

—Acts 2:1, 3-4, 16-17

Because of this release, we have been given the mind of Christ. 

“This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says the Lord: I will put My laws into their hearts, and in their minds I will write them,”

—Hebrews 10:16

At the Feast at Shavuot, the Lord gave the gift of the Torah, providing instruction, relationship, and guidance to the nation of Israel. 

He repeated this pattern, according to His divine calendar, following Jesus’ death, resurrection, and ascension, pouring out the Holy Spirit upon those first Jewish Believers who were gathered together in one accord, observing Shavuot. This was the birth of the Church!

The disciples received the Spirit, which was promised to them by Jesus… 

“And I will pray the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may abide with you forever—the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees Him nor knows Him; but you know Him, for He dwells with you and will be in you. I will not leave you orphans; I will come to you.”

—John 14:16-18

Click here to get your very own Shavuot Illustrated Paperback book!

The Giving of the Torah | Signs and Wonders 

“Now all the people witnessed the thunderings, the lightning flashes, the sound of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking; and when the people saw it, they trembled and stood afar off.

—Exodus 20:18

Thunder and lighting, sounds of trumpets, smoke… Can you imagine witnessing such glorious signs and wonders? 

God’s appearance at Mount Sinai was nothing short of miraculous and consuming. His glory filled the atmosphere. 

The Filling of the Holy Spirit | Signs and Wonders 

“…a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit… And there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men, from every nation under heaven. And when this sound occurred, the multitude came together, and were confused, because everyone heard them speak in his own language. Then they were all amazed and marveled…”

Acts 2:2-7

In Acts 2, we see a similar event to that depicted in Exodus 20. 

The Spirit of God was poured out upon His people dwelling in Jerusalem, the Holy Mountain of Zion. 

Did You Know?…

At the Council of Nicaea in 325 CE, the Church abandoned the biblical calendar that God provided in scripture and adopted a fixed solar calendar of 365 days. As a result, the Jewish roots of the faith were removed, cutting the Church off from understanding and experiencing God’s divine blessings released at His appointed times. 

In the Bible, God set festivals, events, and times according to the lunar calendar of 354 days. God’s timetable meant that these events didn’t align with man’s ways, but His. This separation was not God’s intent. He is restoring all that has been lost. He is restoring the Bride of Christ to her roots, asking her to fully trust in His divine ways. 

This separation robbed many of us of from… 

  • Health
  • Favor
  • Wisdom
  • Prosperity
  • Loving correction
  • Freedom from fear
  • Confidence

And much more… Read Psalm 3 and 103!

The Takeaway

Knowing this removal of the roots of our faith helps you see the significance of God’s calendar… 

Shavuot is a time to celebrate. It is a time to remember the giving of the Torah and the Holy Spirit that empowers us. 

When we forget the gift of God’s instruction, we miss out on how He wants to work through us by His Spirit. We miss out on the abundance He wants us to experience. 

These events on God’s calendar were established through the Jewish people and point us to the roots of our faith. When we discover the hidden treasures deep within our spiritual roots, we begin to think and act differently. The habits and patterns of our lives change and align with God’s heart. We delight in His ways. 

Celebrate Shavuot, the giving of the Torah—the instruction and law written in our hearts and the infilling of the Holy Spirit. Step into and experience the freedom you have in Christ in new ways, by understanding God’s feasts and divine appointments that allow you to respond in a way that opens the doors of Heaven.